Damage to the Meniscus

 

Read our quick guide about damage to the meniscus and the possible causes behind it, symptoms and treatment.

A damage to the meniscus may be sustained on both the inside and the outside of the knee. In younger people, the injury is often sustained during sports activities, and violent twisting is the most common cause of this. In middle-aged and elderly people, damage to the meniscus may be sustained with relatively little force, such as when standing up from crouching.

POSSIBLE CAUSES

  • Violent twisting
  • Hyperextension
  • Deep knee-bending (elderly people)

SYMPTOMS

  • Pain on twisting, hyperextension and deep knee-bending
  • Locking sensation, getting stuck
  • Pain on pressure
  • Impaired mobility in the knee
  • Pain on pressure over the joint space and possibly swelling
  • Reduced strength in the front thigh muscle

TREATMENT

  • Operation in which the damaged part of the meniscus is removed or sewn together
  • Rehabilitation programme gradually increasing in intensity
  • No return to sport until satisfactory mobility, strength, balance and coordination have been achieved
  • Use a brace to complement rehabilitation.

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